Cannabis is not only the most abused illicit substance in the United States it’s in fact the most abused illegal drug worldwide. In the United States it’s a schedule-I substance which means it is legally considered as having no medical use and it’s also tremendously addictive. He consequently proposes using the common language dope when referring to cannabis with exploitation potential. In this paper this terminology is employed for the sake of clarity too.
What is Marijuana (Weed)?
Marijuana or weed is a plant more accurately called cannabis sativa. Some cannabis sativa plants do not have abuse potential as mentioned and are called hemp. Hemp can be used widely for various fiber products including artist’s canvas and newspaper. Cannabis sativa with exploitation potential is what we call bud. It is fascinating to notice that although widely studies for several years, there’s a lot that researchers still don’t know about cannabis. Neuroscientists and biologists know what the effects of marijuana are but they do not completely comprehend why.
Potent and the most well known of these is THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol.
As a psychoactive substance, taking THC directly impacts the central nervous system (CNS). It catalyzes other biochemical and enzymatic process at the same time and impacts a gigantic range of neurotransmitters. When the THC activates particular neuroreceptors in the mind causing the various physical and mental responses which will be expounded on particularly farther on the CNS is excited. The only substances that can activate neurotransmitters are materials that mimic chemicals the brain produces naturally. The fact that brain function is stimulated by THC educates scientists the brain has natural cannabinoid receptors. It is still unclear why people have natural cannabinoid receptors and how they work.
Interestingly, marijuana mimics so many neurological reactions of other drugs that it is incredibly difficult to classify in a specific category. Research workers will place it in hallucinogen: psychedelic; these classifications; or serotonin inhibitor. It has properties that mimic similar compound responses as opioids. The reason for this particular confusion is the sophistication of the numerous psychoactive properties found within bud, both unknown and known. One recent client I saw couldn’t recuperate from the visual distortions he suffered as a result of pervading psychedelic use so long as he was still smoking pot. This looked to be as an effect of the psychedelic properties found within productive cannabis. Cannabis was strong enough to prevent the brain from healing and recovering although not powerful enough to produce these visual distortions on its own.
I ‘ve discovered that the significant marijuana smokers who I work with personally seem to share a commonality of using the drug to handle their anger. This observation has evidenced established impacts and is the basis of much scientific research. Research has in fact found that the relationship between pot and managing rage is clinically important. Fury is a defense mechanism used to safeguard against psychological effects of adversity fueled by panic . Anxiety is a primary function controlled by the amygdala which is heavily excited by cannabis use, as stated.
Neurophysical Effects of THC:
Neurological messages between receptors and transmitters do not control mental performance and emotions. It is also the way the body controls both volitional and nonvolitional function. The cerebellum and the basal ganglia control coordination and all bodily motion. These are two of the most abundantly stimulated regions of the mind that are triggered by marijuana. This clarifies a weakening of the muscles, and dope’s physical effect causing changed blood pressure. All neuromotor tasks are finally affected by THC to some level.
This really is described by effects of pot on the “CB 1” receptor. The CB-1 receptors in the brain are found greatly in the limbic system, or the nucleolus accumbens, which controls the reward pathways/ These reward pathways are what affect the desire and eating habits included in the body’s natural survival instinct, causing us to crave eating food and rewarding us with dopamine when we finally do.
What is low grade and high grade?
THC levels will depend largely on what part of the cannabis leaf is being used for generation. For instance cannabis buds can be between two to nine times more potent than fully developed leaves. A sort of dope developed by distilling cannabis resin, hash oil, can give higher amounts of THC.
The need to raise the quantity of cannabis one smokes, or the need to intensify from low grade to high grade is known clinically as endurance. The mind is efficient. As it comprehends that neuroreceptors are being stimulated without the neurotransmitters emitting those chemical signals, the brain lowers its chemical output so the absolute amounts are back to normalcy. The person who smokes marijuana won’t feel the high anymore as his brain is now “standing” the higher amounts of chemicals and he/she is back to feeling normal. The smoker now raises the dose and the cycle continues. The smoker may find switching upwards in grades effective for some time. The brain can quit to create the compound altogether, completely relying on the synthetic variant being ingested.
Why is not there any withdrawal?
The flip side of the endurance process is known as “dependence.” It now wants the bud user to continue smoking in order to continue the functioning of compounds without interruption as the body stops producing its own natural chemicals. The body is ordering the ingestion of the THC making it exceptionally difficult to cease. In fact, studies show that cannabis dependence is even more powerful than seemingly harder drugs like cocaine.
The body reacts in ways that are occasionally severely dangerous and negative with discontinuing other drugs like stimulants, opioids, or booze. This is as a result of abrupt dearth of chemical stimulation connected together with the fact that the brain has discontinued its own natural neurotransmission of those substances ago. This really is the happening of withdrawal.
The reality is that the seemingly lack of severe withdrawal is an item of the singularity of the means by which the body keep THC. THC can take up to thirty days until it’s fully expelled from the body while alcohol and other drugs are within an one to five days out of a persons system. It really is initially distributed very quickly through the heart, lungs, and brain when THC is ingested by the smoker. THC yet, is eventually converted into protein and becomes stored is muscle and body fat. This second procedure of storage in body fat reservation is a far slower process. Fat stored THC begins its slow release back, when abstinence is begun by an individual. Thus, in quite big customers I have seen it take as much as thirty days before urine screens reveal a cleared THC amount.
Similar to the slow taper like cleansing of THC is the slow speed of initial onset of psychoactive response. Clients report that they do not get high smoking marijuana right away – it takes time to them for their bodied to get used to it before they feel the high. This really is clarified by the slow absorption of THC into fatty tissue reaching peak concentrations in 4-5 days. As the THC begins to release slowly into the blood stream, the physiological response will become heightened rapidly with every new smoking of pot resulting in another high. As the user repeats this process and high amounts of THC accumulate in the body and continue to reach the brain, the THC is eventually spread to the neocortical, limbic, sensory, and motor areas that were detailed earlier (Ashton, 2001).
The neurology and neurophysiology of cannabis was described thus far. There are many physical components of marijuana smoking as well. Research demonstrating evidence that long-term marijuana smokers, who do not smoke tobacco, have more health problems than non smokers as a result of respiratory illnesses is quoted by them.
Pharmacology – “Medical Marijuana”:
This last fact regarding the apparently less dangerous effects of marijuana smoking even in contrast with legal drugs like alcohol and nicotine is often the very first quoted by proponents of legalizing cannabis because of its medical edges that are positive. This points to the apparently positive effects of marijuana on alzheimers, cancer, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, and AIDS. Personal experiences of the positive relief of sufferers from chronic illness is quoted as benefits that are maintained to outweigh the negative effects while not scientific.
It is often stated that almost all drugs – including those that are legal – introduce greater risks to individual well-being and/or society than does marijuana. And legalizing the smoking of marijuana wouldn’t justify the positive effects but posits still the hazards linked with smoking can be “mitigated by alternate routes of administration, like vaporization”. The arguments point to more dangerous drugs like opioids, benzodiazepines, and amphetamines that are administered by prescription on a daily basis. You can read the benefits of taking marijuana through vaporization at http://liquidweed.org/.
Judgment / Reflection:
There are clear implications for me as a professional while I am uncomfortable weighing in on the controversy of the legalization of cannabis, in conclusion of this research paper. As is nicotine alcohol also is quite legal, but for the dependence counsel it’s important to continue keeping a directive on the biopsychosocial considerations affecting the misuse of any substance. The discoveries of particular value for current practice are the pathology of marijuana’s relationship with psychological self-medication, tolerance, & most of all the withdrawal procedure. I have already begun to utilize the knowledge of the physical and pharmacological effects of cannabis expressed with private success and anticipate continue utilizing further research to do precisely the same.